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Table of contents Chapter 10 10.2 Accentuated and unaccented possessives

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chapter 10: possessive pronouns

  10.2 Accentuated and unaccented personal pronouns

For the adjectival possessive pronouns the term unaccentuated personal pronouns is used. Some grammar books use the term adjectivos posesivos (adjectival possessive pronouns) and pronombres possessivos (possessive pronouns). The following table shows the unaccented personal pronouns.

As you can see the personal pronouns refer to the number, and in the first and second person plural the gender of the object that is owned.

  Unaccented personal pronouns (adjectival possessive pronouns)
Spanish
English
singular
mi casa
mi bolígrafo
plural
  mis casas
  mis bolígrafos
singular
  my house
  my pen
plural
  my houses
  my pens
tu casa
tu bolígrafo
tus casas
  tus bolígrafos
your house
  your pen
your houses
  your pens
su casa
su bolígrafo
sus casas
  sus bolígrafos
his house
  his pen
  her house
  her pen
his houses
  his pens
  her houses
  her pens
nuestra casa
nuestro bolígrafo
nuestras casas
  nuestros bolígrafos
our house
  our pen
our houses
  our pens
vuestra casa
vuestro bolígrafo
vuestras casas
  vuestros bolígrafos
your house
  your pen
your houses
  your pens
su casa
su bolígrafo
sus casas
  sus bolígrafos
their house
  their pen
their houses
  their pens

There is no difference between his, her and their. You will find out only from the context, which one is meant. Some more examples:

  Example
Te regalo mi coche. =
Ven nuestra casa. =
Ven nuestras casas. =
Venden sus libros.= They sell his, her or their books.
Habéis robado mis libros. =
Bajan de su coche.= They get out of his, her or their car.
Ven su coche. = They see his, her or their car.
  Ven sus libros. = They see his, her or their books.

The accentuated personal pronouns do not describe a noun, but they substitute them fully.

  Accentuated possessive pronouns
Spanish
English
singular
  mía
  mío
plural
  mías
  míos
singular
  mine
  mine
plural
  mine
  mine
tuya
  tuyo
tuyas
  tuyos
yours
  yours
yours
  yours
suya
  suyo
   
   
suyas
  suyos
   
   
his
  his
  hers
  hers
his
  his
  hers
  hers
nuestra
  nuestro
nuestras
  nuestros
ours
  ours
ours
  ours
vuestra
  vuestro
vuestras
  vuestros
yours
  yours
yours
  yours
suya
  suyo
suyas
  suyos
theirs
  theirs
theirs
  theirs

The English does not differentiate in number or in gender using the possessive pronouns. Also the accentuated possessive pronouns have to be in accordance with the owned object in gender and number. Again we can't see a difference between his, hers and theirs.

  Example
Es el mío y no el tuyo.
= That's mine not yours.
¿Este bolígrafo es tuyo?
= Is this pen yours?
Podemos ver el tuyo, pero no el nuestro.
= Yours we can see but not ours.
Tu coche es nuevo, pero el suyo es muy viejo.
= Your car is new but his, hers or theirs is very old.
Ocúpate de lo tuyo y yo de lo mío.
= For yours we can pay 1000 € but for his, her or theirs nothing.
Por el tuyo podemos pagar 1000 € pero por el suyo nada.
= Take care of your stuff not of mine.

Additionally there is the possibility that the accentuated possessive pronoun is used together with a noun. In those cases it is put after the noun that is described and not before it. One possibility for this kind of construction is when the noun has an undefined article, meaning that the noun is not defined.

  Example: undefined noun
Es un amigo mío. = This is a friend of mine.
Uno de los bolígrafos es nuestro. = One of the pens is ours.
Una de nuestras casas fue destruida. = One of our houses was destroyed.

Furthermore the accentuated personal pronoun is used when the phrase includes a noun with a demonstrative pronoun.

  Example: noun with demonstrative pronoun
Este bolígrafo es mío. = This pen is mine.
Esta casa es nuestra. = This house is ours.
Estos coches son vuestros, si pagáis los 10000 €. = The cars are yours if you pay 10,000 €.

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