spanisch german-grammar.de
deutsch italian-online.de
englisch french-online.de
Table of contents Chapter 11 11.2 Adjectival demonstrative pronouns

previous
Chapter 11: Demonstrative pronouns

  11.2 Adjectival demonstrative pronouns

As we have seen so often already Spanish differentiates between masculine and feminine nouns. Therefore there are different demonstrative pronouns also for masculine and feminine nouns.

The English demonstrative pronouns differentiate between two different distances (in time and locally) - closer = this / these, further = that / those. The Spanish demonstrative pronouns differentiate between three distances - closer = este, middle distance = ese, further / far = aquel

  este, esta = this / these

the object is close to the speaker in terms of time or locally

masculine singular

feminine singular

masculine plural

feminine plural

 

este = this

esta = this

estos =these

estas =these


  ese (middle distance)

the object is close to the one spoken to in terms of time or locally

masculine singular

feminine singular

masculine plural

feminine plural

ese

esa

esos

esas


  aquel = that / those

the object is further from the ones speaking in terms of time or locally

masculine singular

feminine singular

masculine plural

feminine plural

aquel

aquella

aquellos

aquellas


  Example
¿Conoces a ese chico? Ese que está al lado del coche rojo?
= Do you know this boy? The one that is next to the red car?
¿Te acuerdas de aquella chica que el año pasado siempre venia al café "el jaleo" ?
= Do you remember that girl that always came to the Café "el jaleo" last year?
Dame ese pantalón que está a tu lado.
= Give me those trousers that are next to you.

previous