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Table of contents Chapter 4 4.5 Declension with pronouns

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Chapter 4: Declensions and Pronouns

  4.5 Declension with pronouns

As mentioned (once or twice) before the pronouns are a the interesting part in the declension. Later on we'll have a look at personal pronouns in connection with prepositions (chapter 4.12.), but first let's have look at the summary of declined pronouns:

  English
 

basic form (nominativo)

I

  you

  he

  she

  it

  we

  you

  they

  -
 

direct object (acusativo)

me
I see me.
  you
I see you.
  him
I see him.
  her
I see her.
  it
I see it.
  us
I see us.
  you
I see you.
  them
I see them.
  -
 

indirect object (dativo)

me
I give me a book.
  you
I give you a book.
  him
I give him a book.
  her
I give her a book.
  it
I give it a book.
  us
I give us a book.
  you
I give you a book.
  them
I give them a book.
  -

No surprise here - there is no difference between direct and indirect object in English. In a first step you need to find out whether it is a direct or an indirect object. You have an indirect object if you form the sentence the way that you use the preposition to before the personal pronoun.

I give him a book. => I give a book to him.
here you have definitely an indirect object!

  Spanish
 

nominativo

yo

 

  él

  ella

  **
  nosotros
nosotras
  vosotros
vosotras
  ellos

  ellas

 

direct object (acusativo)

me
Yo me veo
  te
Yo te veo
  le / lo *
Yo le / lo veo
  la
Yo la veo
  **
  nos
Yo nos veo
  os
Yo os veo
  les / los *
Yo les / los veo
  las
Yo las veo
 

indirect object (dativo)

 
me
Yo me regalo un libro
  te
Yo te regalo un libro
  le
Yo le regalo un libro
  le
Yo le regalo un libro
  **
  nos
Yo nos regalo un libro
  os
Yo os regalo un libro
  les
Yo les regalo un libro
  les
Yo les regalo un libro

* The differences between le and lo will be discussed in detail in chapter 4.7 .
** There are no neutral nouns in Spanish; therefore there is no need for a neutral personal pronoun

As you can see the differences between direct object and indirect object are not that big. They are to be found only in the third person (singular and plural).

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