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chapter 4
chapter 5: accent in Spanish

  5.1 Basic rule


The Spanish accent is doesn't indicate a different sound in the language (like for instance the accents in French) but they indicate where to put the weight in pronunciation.

For this weight in pronunciation there is a basic rule that says: Does the word end on a vowel, an n or an s the weight in pronunciation is on the second last syllable of the word. Does the word end on any other consonant the weight of pronunciation is on the last syllable of the word.

Exceptions from this rule are marked with accents:

  Beschreibung
  correct  
  la palabra = word

 
  la mujer = woman

 
  el árbol = tree


 
  el arroz = rice

 
  la contabilidad = accounting

 
  el desierto = desert

 
  la emancipación = emancipation


 
  ellos miran (Infinitiv mirar) = they look  
explanation
  Follows the rule. Does end on a vowel, the weight of pronunciation nis on the second las syllable.
  Follows the rule. Ends n a consonant (not s or n). Weight of pronunnciation is on the last syallable.
 

Doesn't follow the rule. ends on a consonant. should have the weight of pronunciation on the last syllable, but it is on the first syllable. accent is used!

  Follows the rule. Ends n a consonant (not s or n). Weight of pronunnciation is on the last syallable.
  Follows the rule. Ends n a consonant (not s or n). Weight of pronunnciation is on the last syallable.
  Follows the rule. Does end on a vowel, the weight of pronunciation nis on the second las syllable.
  Doesn't follow the rule. Ends on n. Should have weight of pronunciation on second last syllable, but it is on the last syllable. Accent is used.
Follows the rule. End on n. Weight of pronunciation is on the second syllable.

chapter 4