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Table of contents Chapter 9 9.1.5 Subjuntivo in relative clauses

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Chapter 9: Subjuntivo, Conditional und Imperative

  9.1.5 Subjuntivo in relative clauses that refer to nada, nadie and ninguno

The subjunctivo is used when the relative pronoun in a subordinate sentences relates to nada (nothing), nadie, (nobody), ninguno (nobody).

  The relative pronoun refers to nada
No hay nada en este libro que merezca la pena de ser leído.
= There is nothing in the book, which was worth reading it.

  The relative pronoun refers to nadie
No hay nadie en la sala que no sepa escribir.
= There is nobody in the room who does not know how to write.

  The relative pronoun refers to a nadie
No veo a nadie, que sea capaz de resolver este problema.
= I do not see anybody who is able to solve this problem.

  The relative pronoun refers to ningun hombre
No hay ningun hombre, que nunca tenga hambre.
= There is no man who never is hungry.

The general rule is that the subjuntivo is used when the subject or object that is referred to is not real, doesn't exist.

  The relative pronoun refers to man (hombre) but it doesn't exist (no hay)
No hay hombre en el mundo, que jamás haya escuchado de las proezas de Don Quijote de la Mancha.
= There is nobody in the world, who has never heard of the heroic deeds of Don Quijote de la Mancha.

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