The result of ponerse
is described with estar (because of temporary
The result of volverse is described with ser (because of definite state, inherent feature)
Ponerse and volverse are similar in the way that both kind of changes described are not influenced or wanted by the subject the change is happening to.
is used only with adjectives! (in contrary to volverse)
|Se ha vuelto loco||-> Es loco ahora||= He became crazy.||= Now he is crazy (and is a mental case)|
|Se puso nervioso||-> Está nervioso||= He became nervous.||= He is nervous now (but in a few hours everything is back to normal)|
|Examples ponerse = to become, to put oneself into a state of|
pone muy nervioso.
|He became more stubborn every time.|
le dije que su coche está roto, se
puso tan enojado que no se le podía
= When I told him that his car was broken down, he became so angry that it could not be explained to him anymore.
|Se puso muy triste
al enterarse que habían cortado el
= He became very sad when he heard that they had cut the tree.
|Se puso tan testarudo
que era inútil discutir más.
= He became so stubborn that it was senseless to continue the discussion.
|Se puso tan pesado
que tuvimos que ponerle a la puerta.
= He became so annoying that we had to put him behind the door.
|Se pusieron tan arrogantes,
que no se les podía soportar más.
= They became so arrogant that you could not stand it anymore.
|Se pusieron pálidos
= They became pale and furious.
|Cuando supimos que
yo había aprobado el examen y él
no, se puso envidioso.
= When we heard that I had passed the exam and he did not, he became envious.
|Comió y bebió
y su corazón se puso alegre.
= He ate and drank and his heart became happy.
|A pesar de esto,
el faraón se puso terco y no les
= Despite everything, the Pharaoh became stubborn and did not listen to them.
|some common phrases|
Se pusieron en marcha. = They set off.
|Se pusieron de acuerdo. = They agreed.|
|Se pusieron al día. = They put themselves up to date.|
|Se puso de moda. = It became fashionable.|
|Se pusieron a llorar. = They started to cry.|
|Se pusieron en contacto. = They got in contact.|
|Se puso en práctica. = It was put to practice.|
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