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Table of contents Chapter 3 3.1 Conjugation - an introduction

chapter 2
Chapter 3: Verbs

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  3.1 Conjugation - What is that?

Conjugation is the change of the verb in accordance with the personal pronouns. The English language only knows one conjugation - the one in the third person singular: he knows, she eats, it does. All other verbs for all the other personal pronouns stay unchanged:

I dream we dream
you dream you dream
he, she, it dreams they dream

Spanish verbs do change according the personal pronoun. That means they have different endings depending on which personal pronoun is used (or better: which person is talked about).

How this conjugation (= the change of the verbs) is formed depends on the basic form of the verb. Spanish verbs have the ending -ar, -er or -ir. Here are some examples:

  Verbs auf -ar   
  hablar
  sacar
  tomar
  pagar
  jugar
talk
take away
take
pay
play

  Verbs auf -er   
  comer
  vender
eat
sell

  Verbs auf -ir   
  recibir
  presumir
receive
presume
   
chapter 2