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Table of contents Chapter 3 3.2 Personal pronouns

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Chapter 3: Verbs

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  3.2 Personal pronouns

As seen in the chapter 3.1. there are different personal pronouns also in English to be able to talk about different person from different perspectives. I ask, you answer, he doesn't understand what we are talking about, but you all get tired (of it) and they watch the situation.

The Spanish personal pronouns are:

  basic form  
  yo
  tú
  él*
  ella
I
you
he
she

* as mentioned before the accent on the e indicates that this is not an article but a personal pronoun.

  nosotros / nosotras
  vosotros /vosotras
  ellos / ellas

we (masculine) / we( feminine)
you (masculine) / you (feminine)

they (masculine) / they (feminine)

First thing we notice is that there are always feminine and masculine pronouns for the plural forms. Who now has imagined that the emancipation is farther in Spanish speaking countries than we thought can relax again. Those feminine "group"-pronouns are used only if there is no man in the group. As soon as there is a man included in the group of persons that is talked about the whole group gets the masculine pronoun.

Imagine, there are 10 women talking about baking and cooking. They use the pronoun nosotras. A guy comes along and talks to them with vosotras. He calls his friend and talks about ellas. However, as soon as he is included, it is nosotros, vosotros and ellos.

The differentiation in feminine and masculine does not influence the conjugation, but for a start we still use both. The fun part will be to decide on the right one in a live speaking situation.

One more remark: Besides the conjugation of the verbs that are formed with the nominative (the basic form of the personal pronouns - asking Who talks? He talks or they talk etc.) there are also declension of the personal pronouns. But there is not to worry about them yet. We'll start with the basic forms and that will suffice already for a simple conversation, as you will see.

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