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Chapter: 1-5 | 6-10 | 11-15 | 16-20 | 21-25

 6. Tenses
6.1 Tenses - an introduction
6.2 Tenses in English language
6.3 Formation of "pretérito imperfecto"
6.4 Formation of "pretérito indefinido"
6.5 Difference between "pretérito imperfecto" and "pretérito indefinido"
6.6 Exercise (conjugation of pretérito imperfecto)
6.7 Exercise (conjugation of pretérito indefinido)
6.8 Vocabulary
6.9 Exercise (difference indefinido vs. imperfecto)
6.10 Some important irregular verbs
6.11 Exercise (difference indefinido vs. imperfecto)
6.12 Vocabulary
6.13 Exercise (conjugation of irregular verbs)



 7. Compound tenses

7.1 Introduction to compound tenses
7.2 Modal verb haber and perfect participle
7.3 Formation of pretérito perfecto, pretérito plusquamperfecto and pretérito anterior
7.4 Use of pretérito perfecto, pretérito indefinido and pretérito imperfecto
7.5 Exercise (indefinido, imperfecto, perfecto)
7.6 Use of pretérito plusquamperfecto
7.7 Exercise (pretérito plusquamperfecto)
7.8 Use of pretérito anterior
7.9 Exercise (conjugation of compound past tenses)



 8. Ser & Estar, Gerund & Passive voice

8.1 Conjugation of ser and estar
8.2 Use of ser for description of characteristics
8.3 Use of ser for giving the time
8.4 Use of ser for passive voice (process passive)
8.5 Use of estar in differentiation to ser
8.6 Estar when relating to a location
8.7 Use of estar in special constructions
8.8 Use of estar for passive voice (status passive)
8.9 Formation of passive voice with reflexive verbs
8.10 Somebody/they vs. passive voice
8.11 Gerund
8.12 Formation of gerund
8.13 Estar with gerundio I
8.14 Estar with gerundio II
8.15 Seguir/continuar with gerundio
8.16 Ir with gerundio
8.17 Gerundio in adverbial expressions
8.18 Gerundio in shortened subordinate clauses
8.19 Position of the pronoun when using the gerund
8.20 Difference of hay and estar
8.21 Vocabulary
8.22 Exercise

 9. Subjunctivo, conditional and imperative

9.1    Subjunctive
9.1.1 The Spanish subjuntivo
9.1.2 Formation of the subjuntivo
9.1.3 Use of the subjuntivo
9.1.4 Subjuntivo after verbs of desire
9.1.5 Subjuntivo in relative clauses specifying nada, nadie and ninguno
9.1.6 Subjuntivo after impersonal phrases of uncertainty, doubt, happiness, compassion, surprise,
         recommendation, intend or necessity
9.1.7 Different meanings of some conjunctions depending on the verb mode used (indicativo / subjuntivo)
9.1.8 Conjunctions that always use the subjuntivo
9.1.9 Subjuntivo in relative clauses that contain a desire
9.1.10 Donde with subjuntivo or indicativo

9.2.   Conditional
9.2.1 Formation of the conditonal
9.2.2 Conditional clauses
9.2.3 Realis
9.2.4 Irrealis of the present tense
9.2.5 Irrealis of the past tense
9.2.6 Conditional as mode of politeness
9.2.7 Conditional with an "imagined" condition

9.3    Imperative

9.4    Vocabulary and exercises
9.4.1 Vocabulary
9.4.2 Exercise (formation of subjuntivo)
9.4.3 Exercise (use of subjuntivo)
9.4.4 Exercise (formation of condicional)
9.4.5 Exercise (use of Realis)
9.4.6 Exercise (use of Irrealis in present tense)
9.4.7 Exercise (use of Irrealis in past tense)
9.4.8 Exercise formation of the imperative

9.5    Sequence of tenses


 10. Possessive pronouns

10.1 Possessive pronouns - an introduction
10.2 Accentuated and unaccented possessive pronouns
10.3 Exercise (possessive pronouns)


previous chapters

Chapter: 1-5 | 6-10 | 11-15 | 16-20 |21-24