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Table of contents Chapter:  21 22 | 23 | 24 

previous chapters
Chapter: 1-5 | 6-10 | 11-15 |16-20 | 21- 24

 21. Future tenses

21.1
21.1.1
21.1.2
21.1.3
21.1.4
21.1.5

21.2
21.3

21.4
21.4.1
21.4.2
21.4.3
21.4.4

21.5
21.6
21.7

21.8
21.8.1
21.8.2
21.8.3

Future tenses
Formation of future I
Use of future I
Future I as imperative
Future I as expression of uncertainty
Future I as anticipation of the opinion of the discussion partner

Irregular verbs in future tense
Do not use future tense after cuando

Future II
Formation of future II
Use of future II: description of an action that will be finished in the future
Presumption about events of the past
Possible tenses after cuando and si

Vocabulary
Exercise (future I)
Exercise (future II)

Repetition
Exercise (get, become, turn)
Exercise (date and time)
Exercise (numerals)


 22. Indirect speech and consecutio temporum

22.1
22.1.1
22.1.2
22.1.3

22.2

22.3

22.4

22.5.
22.6
22.7
22.8
22.9

Reported speech consecutio temporum
Reported speech in English
Reported speech in Spanish
Imperative tense in reported speech

Sequence of tenses

Consecutio temporum in general and reported speech

Hypothetical or real?

Vocabulary
Exercise (reported speech)
Exercise (imperative tense in reported speech)
Exercise (consecutio temporum after verbs like pensar, creer, saber, presumir etc.
Exercise (consecutio temporum after verbs, that require indicativo and verbs that require subjuntivo)


 23. Aumentativo, despectivo, diminutivo

23.0

23.1
23.1.1
23.1.2
23.1.3
23.1.4
23.1.5
23.1.6
23.1.7
23.1.8
23.1.9

23.2
23.2.1
23.2.2
23.2.3

23.3

23.4
23.5

Suffixes - an introduction

diminutivo
Formation of diminutivo with -ito
Nouns with -ito
Adjectives with -ito
Adverbs with -ito
Formation of diminutivo with -cito
Nouns with -cito
Adjectives with -cito
Words of single syllables form the diminutivo with -ecito
Formation of diminutivo with -illo

Aumentativo
Formation of aumentativo with -ón
Formation of aumentativo with -azo
Formation of aumentativo with -ote

despectivo

Exercise (diminutivo and aumentativo)
Exercise (aumentativo)


 24. Irregular verbs

24.1

24.2

24.3
24.3.1
24.3.2
24.3.3
24.3.4
24.3.5
24.3.6
24.3.7
24.3.8

24.4
24.4.1
24.4.2
24.4.3
24.4.4
24.4.5
24.4.6

24.5

Irregular verbs - an introduction

Verbs that change their stem in imperfecto

Genuine irregular verbs
Some forms get a g: tener
concluir
c changes to zc before e and o: conocer
e changes to ie: pensar
o changes to ue: dormir
e changes to i: medir
i changes to ie: adquirir
j and g are added: traer

Derived irregular verbs
c changes to qu: buscar
g changes to gu: pagar
c changes to z: esparcir
g changes to j: dirigir
gu changes to g: distinguir
i changes to y: atribuir

Exercise (conjugation)


previous chapters
Chapter: 1-5 | 6-10 | 11-15 |16-20 | 21- 24